President Biden Signs Historic Infrastructure Bill
Category: Public Policy
Today, surrounded by a bipartisan group of Congressional leaders, President Biden signed the $1.2 trillion Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) into law. The legislation represents the single largest transportation package in US history, providing $550 billion in new spending. The legislation will invest $106.9 billion in transit, the largest investment in public transit in U.S. history, and reauthorize the surface transportation program for the next five years. This investment will increase the focus on climate change mitigation, resilience, equity, and safety for all users, including cyclists and pedestrians.
“This historic legislation includes many programs and initiatives that will advance the principles and goals of Transportation Demand Management”, said David Straus, Executive Director of ACT ”On behalf of ACT and the entire TDM community, I want to express our sincere thanks to Representative Jesus “Chuy” Garcia of Illinois for his steadfast support and successful efforts to include TDM provisions in the infrastructure bill, to Transportation and Infrastructure Committee Chairman Peter DeFazio of Oregon and his staff for their tireless dedication to improving our transportation systems, the significant bipartisan group of U.S. Senators who negotiated this important agreement and voted for its passage, and to the Biden Administration for their leadership”
While not included by name, the bill contains several new funding opportunities and requirements for transportation demand management (TDM) throughout the legislation:
Establishes $250 million Congestion Relief Program for state and local governments and MPOs for projects in large, urbanized areas (over 1 million in population).
Establishes a Carbon Reduction Program supporting reduction of transportation emissions with $6.4 billion to be distributed to states through formula allocation.
Establishes the Promoting Resilient Operations for Transformative, Efficient, and Cost-Saving Transportation (PROTECT) Program with $7.3 billion distributed to states through formula allocation and $1.4 billion in competitive grant funding over the next 5 years.
Expands Surface Transportation Block Grant (STBG) project eligibility to include electric vehicle charging stations.
Expands Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) project eligibility to include several safety measures to increase protection of pedestrians and cyclists.
Establishes a Vulnerable Road User Research plan to prioritize roadway design research and develop safety countermeasures that minimize vulnerable road user fatalities and serious injuries.
Expands use of STBG and Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) Program funding to include shared micromobility transportation facilities.
Includes $6 billion over 5 years in competitive grant funding for Safe Streets and Roads for All Grant Program.
Research and Technology Programs
Establishes the Transportation Access Pilot Program to develop or procure accessibility data and assess changes in accessibility resulting from new transportation investments.
Allocates $500 million in competitive grant funding for Strengthening Mobility and Revolutionizing Transportation (SMART) Grant Program.
Planning and Performance Programs
Directs Secretary of Transportation to carry out Travel Demand Data and Modeling Study to inform states and MPOs about impacts of transportation investments on travel demand and enforce their capacity to forecast and track travel behavior.
Requires states to spend at least 2.5% of their transportation planning and research funding and MPOs to spend 2.5% of their metropolitan transportation planning funding for Increasing Safe and Accessible Transportation Options.
Establishes Reconnecting Communities Pilot Program with $1 billion in competitive grant funding available over the next 5 years for state and local governments, MPOs, and nonprofits to study feasibility and impacts of improving accessibility.
Establishes Active Transportation Infrastructure Investment Program for states and local government organizations (including MPOs, multicounty districts, and multistate governments) to construct projects between communities to provide safe and connected active transportation facilities in an active transportation network. Allocates $1 billion in competitive grant funding over the next 5 years.
The Association for Commuter Transportation (ACT) applauds the passage and signing of the IIJA and we will continue to share information on these programs and how you can use these opportunities to continue making a better journey for everyone.
The Greater Madison MPO in Madison, Wisconsin, recently rebranded its TDM program to “RoundTrip,” pairing a fresh look with a new website and digital emergency ride home vouchers to increase awareness and participation.